The Way to Shred • 21/01/2021Amino Acids - What Are They?
Protein makes up part of the structure of every cell and tissue in your body. This includes muscle tissue, internal organs, tendons, skin, hair and nails. Your ability to see, think, hear and move – in fact, to do just about anything requires protein. On average, it comprises of about 20% of your total body weight. Proteins are made up of building blocks called amino acids. Proteins are sometimes described as resembling long necklaces with different shaped beads. Each bead is a small molecule called an amino acid which are linked together by peptide bonds to make thousands of different proteins. Only 20 amino acids are important to human health. The two broad classes of amino acids are those that can be made by the human body – referred to as non-essential amino acids and those that must be supplied to us through our diet – referred to as essential amino acids (EAA’s). During the digestion of food, the body breaks proteins we eat into amino acids. These amino acids are then used to build new proteins i.e. build muscle, this process is referred to as protein synthesis.